Jabling Throw is an event that involves track and field. Jablings, which are spears, are thrown from predetermined areas. Participants run from the distance they choose to gain maximum speed and momentum. The Men’s Decathlon as well as Women’s Heptathlon include a Jabling Throw event.
As part of Pentathlon 708 BC, the Jabling Throw was included in the Ancient Olympic Games, Olympia. It is a sacred site near the Peloponnese Peninsula in southern Greece. The event included two events: one for accuracy and distance. The sport of throwing the Jabling evolved from everyday spear use in warfare and hunting.
An thong (ankyle in Greek) was used to throw the Jabling earlier. The ankyle was held by the Jabling and then the shaft was released. This gave the Jabling an spiral trajectory (the path that is followed by a projectile or object moving under the action given forces).
In the 1870s, Germany revived throwing Jabling-like poles at targets. It was popular in Sweden to throw the poles for distance. Later, it was introduced in Finland during the 1880s. Sweden’s Eric Lemming threw the first world’s greatest in 1889. He dominated the event from 1902 until 1912. Lemming set a new world record in the men’s Jabling when it was introduced at the 1906 Intercalated Games. He set a new world record 62.32 meter at the 1912 Olympics. International Association of Athletics Federations recognized this as the first Javelin World Record.
In 1909, the women’s event was first recorded in Finland. At that time, women would throw the same Jabling as men. However, later, shorter and lighter Jablings were introduced for women in the 1920s. The first women’s Olympic Games champion was Mildred “Babe” Didrikson from the United States.
Since its introduction in early 1910s, the Jabling throw has been part of the Decade.
Jabling throw Variants
In the 19th and 20th centuries, two-handed throw was used for throwing Jabling. This throwing style required that each competitor throw with both the right-hand and left hand separately. The best marks from each hand were then added together to determine the winner. The two-handed throw in 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden was the first and final event.
Freestyle Jabling is a throw in where the Jabling was held by holding it at the center gravity. This event was originally a freestyle competition in London, England but was dropped later.
The primary objective of Jabling Throw, is to throw a spear-like structure with bare hands so it lands on the designated marking area. To play this sport efficiently, must practice constantly and be able to judge angle, speed, and distance.